Types of disabilities - House with No Steps

Types of disabilities

90% of disabilities are not visible, and two people with the same type of disability may not have the same experiences

There are many different types of disabilities which affect individual people in different ways. 

People with different types of disabilities

Different types of disabilities

There are many different types of disabilities which loosely fall into 4 separate categories - intellectual, physical, sensory, and mental illness.  

Types of intellectual disabilities

An intellectual disability may mean difficulty communicating, learning, and retaining information. They include Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and developmental delays.


Types of physical disabilities

Physical disability may affect, either temporarily or permanently, a person's physical capacity and/or mobility. They include MS, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, brain or spinal cord injury, epilepsy, and muscular dystrophy.


Types of sensory disabilities

Sensory disabilities affect one or more senses; sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste or spatial awareness. They include autism, blindness, and hearing loss.


Types of mental illnesses

A mental illness affects a person's thinking, emotional state and behaviours. They include bipolar, depression, schizophrenia, and eating disorders.


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