There are many different types of disabilities which affect individual people in different ways.
Different types of disabilities
There are many different types of disabilities which loosely fall into 4 separate categories - intellectual, physical, sensory, and mental illness.
An intellectual disability may mean difficulty communicating, learning, and retaining information. They include Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and developmental delays.
Physical disability may affect, either temporarily or permanently, a person's physical capacity and/or mobility. They include MS, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, brain or spinal cord injury, epilepsy, and muscular dystrophy.
Sensory disabilities affect one or more senses; sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste or spatial awareness. They include autism, blindness, and hearing loss.
A mental illness affects a person's thinking, emotional state and behaviours. They include bipolar, depression, schizophrenia, and eating disorders.